Removal of Barriers to the Effective Implementation of Ballast Water Control

In the year 2000, IMO joined forces with the Global Environment Facility (GEF), the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), member governments and the shipping industry to assist less-industrialized countries to tackle the ballast water problem.

The introduction of invasive marine species into new environments by ships’ ballast water, attached to ships’ hulls and via other vectors has been identified as one of the four greatest threats to the world’s oceans and to biodiversity globally.

Shipping moves over 80% of the world’s commodities and transfers approximately 3 to 5 billion tonnes of ballast water internationally each year. A similar volume may also be transferred domestically within countries and regions each year. Ballast water is absolutely essential to the safe and efficient operation of modern shipping, providing balance and stability to un-laden ships. However, it may also pose a serious ecological, economic and health threat.


Communication, education and awareness
Demonstration Sites: India among the  six main developing regions of the World
Country Focal Point:   Directorate General of Shipping
Research agency: National Institute of Oceanography
Stakeholders: International NGO, Government Agency, Port authorities, fishing community, Seafarers, ship owners, fishing communities, Seafarers Association, general public and private agencies.

What we did

  • Developed and designed communication toolkits
  • Develop IPC material
  • PR Role: Organizing press conferences, press releases and following up with the media for national coverage and interviews.
  • Data Collection and Reporting: Collecting data from port authorizes all over India and uploading data on global ballast water from ships visiting all the ports in India.


Global Mid Ocean exchange program was introduced which created a global grid for exchange of ballast water before entering coastline this has helped in saving the global marine ecology. The communication and awareness program has helped the stakeholder release their well-defined role and has resulted in the controlling the damage to the coral and marine life worldwide and off course the livelihood of millions of people in marine trade. Global data is collected and monitored.